Birth Control Counseling in Kennesaw, GA

Today, there are many options as it relates to birth control. To select the one that is best suited to your needs, and those of your partner, you should consult with a Dr. Angel Paas at Kennesaw Gynecology.

Dr. Paas provides expert birth control counseling in Kennesaw, Georgia. Learn more about your contraception options and call our women’s health clinic in Kennesaw at (470) 308-3365 today!

Hormonal Contraceptives

Hormonal birth control can often help to regulate a woman’s menstrual cycle and associated symptoms by stabilizing her hormones. While hormonal contraceptives are particularly common, they are not recommended for each and every female. This decision will be based upon the patient’s health and any prior conditions or risk factors she may have.

Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills are a form of oral contraception that generally contain two hormones, estrogen and progestin, and are taken daily to prevent a woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs. They also help to prevent pregnancy by causing the cervical mucus to thicken, which blocks sperm from fertilizing an egg. Birth control pills are safe, effective, and convenient, though they may be less effective for women who are overweight. Additionally, vomiting and/or diarrhea may keep the pill from working properly to prevent pregnancy. If a woman is concerned about this, a backup method of birth control should be used.

Birth Control Patch

Used correctly, the patch is as effective as birth control pills are in preventing pregnancy. The patch is a form of birth control that a patient wears on the skin and looks like a small band aid. The hormones it contains (estrogen and progestin) are similar to those used in birth control pills but are absorbed through the skin. The patch works by suppressing the pituitary gland which, in turn, prevents the ovaries from releasing eggs. It also thickens cervical mucus making it more difficult for sperm to reach an egg. Since the patch contains a dosage which is 60% higher than that delivered by the pills, there is the risk of side effects such as blood clots. Because of this, it is essential that patients using the patch do not smoke. The patch can also be used to treat irregular periods, menstrual cramps, or endometriosis.

The Birth Control Shot

The Depo-Provera or Depo shot is another very effective method of birth control. This shot must be given once every 3 months by a trained medical professional, typically during a quick appointment at Kennesaw Gynecology. Women who receive this shot will typically experience lighter periods, or will stop getting their period all together after several months of consecutive shots. This method is especially beneficial to women who are looking for a flexible and low-maintenance form of birth control that is still highly effective with a success rate of over 99%.

Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing)

A vaginal ring is a form of contraception that is soft, flexible, and worn in the vagina. The key benefit of the ring is that a patient does not need to take it daily to get complete monthly protection. In a given one month period, the ring must be inserted into the vagina, removed after 3 weeks, and a new ring inserted no more than 7 days later. The hormones it contains (estrogen and progestin) are similar to those used in birth control pills. However, unlike birth control pills, they are absorbed directly into the blood stream through the vaginal wall, delivering a consistent level of medication improving effectiveness and limiting side effects.

Non-Hormonal Forms of Birth Control in Kennesaw, GA

Some women can experience adverse side effects from adding more hormones to their body via contraceptives. Non-hormonal options are ideal in these situations, and is also commonly recommended for women who wish to breastfeed while remaining on an effective form of birth control.


Condoms are a barrier form of birth control that physically block the sperm from entering the vagina. They are the only form of protection that can help to stop the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), like HIV, and prevent pregnancy. A condom is a latex or polyurethane sheath that is closed at one end and fits over a man’s penis. Condoms are also available for females and have a flexible ring at either end. One end is closed and inserted into the vagina and the other end is open with the ring remaining outside the vagina. To help assure protection, users should read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.


A diaphragm is a thin, rubber, dome-shaped device with a springy and flexible rim. Inserted into the vagina by the patient, it fits over the cervix and is held in place by muscles in the vagina. The diaphragm is designed to hold spermicide in place over the cervix to kill sperm. To maximize the effectiveness of the diaphragm it should be left in place for up to 6 to 8 hours. The effectiveness for birth control ranges from between 86-94%. If one chooses to use a diaphragm, it must be fitted in a clinic. Additionally, weight changes, vaginal surgery, and pregnancy can affect the way a diaphragm fits, requiring that a medical provider check it to make sure it fits properly and to determine if a new size is needed.

Permanent Contraception (Tubal Ligation)

Tubal Ligation is a procedure that seals off a woman’s fallopian tubes that carry an egg from the ovaries to the uterus. By blocking these tubes, where fertilization usually occurs, sperm is unable to reach the egg to fertilize it. The procedure seals the fallopian tubes with thread, bands, clips, an electric current, or small implants. Patients should be aware that the procedure provides permanent birth control and is NOT reversible.

Other Hormonal & Non-Hormonal Options

There are a few different contraceptives that are available in both hormonal and non-hormonal forms.

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

If you are looking for long-term birth control, an intrauterine device (IUD) might be the contraception for you. An intrauterine device is a small plastic T-shaped device inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy for three to ten years, depending on the type of IUD. An IUD is a bit bigger than a quarter and fits inside your uterus.

There are two types of IUDs, copper and hormonal depending on your preference.

The copper triggers your immune system to prevent pregnancy and lasts the longest of IUDs without hormones.  For hormonal IUDs, the device releases the same type of hormone found in many birth control pills to prevent pregnancy. It does this by thickening the mucus in the cervix to stop sperm and thins the lining of the uterus to prevent fertilization of an egg.

How Effective are IUDs?

An IUD is a highly effective form of birth control, but does not prevent sexually transmitted infections. Both copper and hormonal IUDs are more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.

How is an IUD Inserted and Removed?

An IUD is inserted by your gynecologist in the office and will only take a few minutes. During the procedure, you may experience side effects like discomfort, cramping, or dizziness.

It is most often performed by your gynecologist. Dr. Paas may recommend an over-the-counter painkiller before the procedure, or use a local anesthetic during the procedure to ease pain. The T-shaped IUD is left in the uterus, leaving two small strings outside the cervix for removal.

A follow up appointment may be scheduled after the procedure to be sure the IUD is still in place. Dr. Paas will show you how to check that the IUD is still in the correct position and tell you how often you should check the placement.

Your IUD will be removed when it has reached its expiration date, if you are experiencing a medical problem, or if you plan to become pregnant. It can be removed during a short procedure at Kennesaw Gynecology. Dr. Paas will gently pull on the IUDs strings to pull the IUD through the cervix and out of the vagina.

What are the Types of IUDs?

Dr. Paas can talk with you to help determine the right IUD for you. This decision can be based on your age, lifestyle, menstruation, desire to get pregnant in the future, and other factors.

The two main types of IUDs are copper and hormonal.

Copper IUD

A copper IUD prevents fertilization by making the uterus and fallopian tubes produce fluid containing copper that is toxic to sperm.

A copper IUD is the most effective form of emergency contraception (EC) meaning it can prevent pregnancy if inserted within five days after unprotected sex.


Paragard is the only copper IUD, and it can prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years. It works by interfering with sperm movement, egg fertilization, and may prevent implantation. Paragard is hormone free and can be used whether or not you have had a child.

Learn more about Paragard

Hormonal IUDs

A hormonal IUD prevents fertilization by making the mucus in the cervix thick and sticky so sperm can’t get through to the uterus, as well as keeping the lining of the uterus too thin for a fertilized egg to implant.


Mirena is a hormonal IUD that prevents pregnancy for up to five years and can also treat heavy periods. It inhibits sperm from reaching and fertilizing an egg, thins the uterine lining, and thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. Mirena is recommended for women who have had at least one child.

Learn more about Mirena


Skyla is a hormonal IUD made by the same company as Mirena, but this IUD is smaller. It may be less likely to be expelled in women who have never had a baby because of its smaller size. Skyla can be used for up to three years to prevent pregnancy.

Learn more about Skyla


Kyleena is a hormonal IUD that can prevent pregnancy for up to five years. Kyleena releases the lowest dose of hormones for the longest amount of time, compared to other IUDs. It can be used by women whether they have given birth or not.

Learn more about Kyleena


Liletta is a hormonal IUD that is effective in preventing pregnancy for up to three years and women can use it regardless of if they have given birth.

Learn more about Liletta

What are the Benefits of an IUD?

  • Effectiveness – IUDs are among the most effective birth control methods available.
  • Longevity – Your IUD can last for 3 to 12 years, depending on the type.
  • Convenience – No pre-sex prep or reminders necessary.
  • Cost effective – IUDs can be a bit costly upfront, but there are no costs beyond that for several years.
  • Reversible –  If you want to get pregnant, have it removed, and you can start trying right away. It can also be inserted immediately after giving birth.
  • Easier periods – Many people experience lighter periods and an improvement in cramps.
  • Works with medications or lifestyles – You don’t need to modify your lifestyle for an IUD. They are safe to use if you are breastfeeding or taking medication.

What are the Risks of an IUD?

If you are worried about getting an IUD, talk to Dr. Paas. With any medical device there are benefits and risks. We can help ease your concerns and find a solution that is right for you.

Some potential setbacks of an IUD may include:

  • Spotting or frequent bleeding at first
  • Potential infection
  • IUD moving to the wrong place or coming out
  • Possible cramping or discomfort at first

Most of these side effects are uncommon. Some times your body just needs to get used to the device at first and then the following years you shouldn’t have issues. Millions of women choose an IUD for their long-term birth control.

Schedule Your Appointment Today!

Call Kennesaw Gynecology at (470) 308-3365 to find our which birth control option is right for you.

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