Common Causes of Pelvic Pain

Suddenly, you feel a sharp pain in your pelvis. Uh-oh. What could it be? Pelvic pain is pretty common in women. And although it’s common, it shouldn’t interfere with your wellbeing. Knowing the cause of your pelvic pain can help prevent serious complications, like infertility.

Here at Kennesaw Gynecology in Kennesaw, Georgia, we work with you to get to the root cause of your pelvic pain, so you can get back to living life on your terms!

Acute pelvic pain

If you have pelvic pain that’s sudden and sharp, it’s acute. Acute pain is when you have pain that happens out of nowhere. Two common causes of acute pelvic pain are ovarian cysts and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Ovarian cysts

During ovulation, your ovaries release eggs from ovarian follicles. If a follicle doesn’t fully open or gets clogged with fluid, a cyst can start growing.

Ovarian cysts cause pain on one side and normally resolve without treatment. Most cysts aren’t serious, but they can cause pretty bad pelvic pain when ruptured. if you think you have ovarian cysts, make an appointment with Dr. Angel Paas

Pelvic inflammatory disease

PID causes permanent damage to the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. It occurs when bacterial infections from sexually transmitted diseases spread to the womb. 

PID can cause infertility if it’s not treated; One in eight women with PID have trouble getting pregnant. 

Chronic pelvic pain

Chronic pain is any type of pain that persists for six months or more. Menstrual cramps and endometriosis can lead to chronic pelvic pain.

Menstrual cramps

Menstrual pain is the most common cause of pelvic pain in women. Before menstruation starts, your uterus starts contracting and tightening. As this occurs, the tissue lining breaks down and causes pain.

The pain lasts between 1-3 days. If your pain is unbearable, you may need to see Dr. Paas. She can find a solution to offer you relief.


Chronic pelvic pain is a sign of endometriosis. It’s a condition that occurs when the tissue lining in your uterus, the endometrium, starts growing where it shouldn’t. Common symptoms of endometriosis include:

If you have any of these symptoms, it’s time to see Dr. Paas. She can come up with a treatment plan to help you manage your symptoms. 

Sexually transmitted diseases

Some STDs cause pelvic pain. The most common ones are gonorrhea and chlamydia. 

Gonorrhea affects more than 800,000 Americans each year, but chlamydia affects over 2.8 million Americans every year. These diseases can cause painful urination, bleeding, and abnormal vaginal discharge.

Treating pelvic pain

The best way to treat your pelvic pain is to see Dr. Paas. Too many conditions can cause pelvic pain. And it’s best to rule out serious ones that can cause pregnancy problems.

If pelvic pain is affecting your daily routine, book an appointment at Kennesaw Gynecology online or call our office located in Kennesaw, Georgia.

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