5 Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis affects over 10% of women and is especially common in women in their 30s and 40s according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Despite the prevalence of endometriosis, which causes uterine tissue to grow outside of the uterus in other parts of the body like the pelvis, the symptoms of the condition can make it challenging for gynecologists to diagnose. Many women live with pain and fertility issues for years before getting an accurate diagnosis. 

Understanding the symptoms of endometriosis and how they differ from the normal symptoms of the menstrual cycle is the first step in getting an accurate diagnosis and treatment, especially for women who wish to become pregnant.

At Kennesaw Gynecology, our gynecologist Dr. Angel Paas and our team of women’s health specialists offer endometriosis treatment and women’s health services at our office in Kennesaw, Georgia. 

Five common signs and symptoms of endometriosis

For some women, endometriosis symptoms feel like a bad case of menstrual cramps or an unusually heavy period, so it can take a while to know that something is wrong or to get an accurate diagnosis. However, endometriosis causes symptoms in addition to painful and uncomfortable periods.

Here are five of the most common signs and symptoms of endometriosis.

1. Period pain

Cramping and pelvic pain are common during periods and many women experience discomfort during this time even without endometriosis. Some women also experience lower back and abdominal pain in the days leading up to and during menstruation. If you regularly experience painful and uncomfortable periods, discuss your symptoms with our team.

2. Painful sex

With a normal menstrual cycle, the uterus sheds the tissue lining during the monthly period. However, when uterine tissue grows outside of the uterus in areas of the body like the pelvis, it gets stuck, causing inflammation and scar tissue. This can make intercourse uncomfortable and painful for some women.

3. Pain during urination and bowel movements

Sometimes endometriosis causes cells to grow in the bladder or bowel, leading to pain and inflammation during bowel movements and when you urinate.

4. Abnormally heavy periods

Monthly periods are not always consistent, and it’s normal for some months to be heavier than others. With endometriosis, menstrual blood flow is sometimes heavier than normal, and some women experience bleeding in between periods.

5. Difficulty getting pregnant

Infertility is a side-effect of endometriosis, but many women are unaware of it until they try (and struggle) to get pregnant. Every woman is different, but in general, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines infertility as the inability to naturally conceive within a year of actively trying to get pregnant. 

It’s important to keep in mind that many women have endometriosis without experiencing significant symptoms. 

If you’re experiencing symptoms like pelvic pain, heavy bleeding, or are having difficulty getting pregnant, we can help. Contact Kennesaw Gynecology today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Paas, or book an appointment online.

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